Poultry Housing Tips

A good poultry house should be spacious, comfortable and protect the birds from severe weather conditions. As such, the floor should be cemented for easy cleaning, the wall should be solid (stone, timber, iron sheet, bricks etc) for the first one metre and the rest wire mesh. In total a wall height should be about 3 metres high. The roof should be leak proof. Preferably the house should assume east-west orientation to reduce the amount of direct sunlight entering the house. A rectangular shape is most preferred.

Stocking density

The model stocking density for layers is 3 bird per square metre, and 3 birds per square metre for broilers. Depending on the number of birds to be kept, an appropriate size house should be constructed.

Management practice

The house should be constructed in an isolated place and fenced off with a small wire gauge to keep out wild birds and animals. This will also keep off unauthorized people and predators hence lessen contamination. A foot-bath should be placed at the entrance of the house to disinfect feet or wears for those entering. The entrance should be fitted with a door which should be locked when not in use.

NB:Farmers should avoid keeping birds of different ages together.

Regulating conditions in poultry house

In the tropics where the average day temperatures tend to be high, the wire mesh used to construct the upper part of the wall will help to remove excess heat and moisture. Curtains (made from sacks) need to be fitted. At night when the temperatures fall the curtains should be closed. Under normal circumstances, curtains should be opened uniformly from all sides unless wind is blowing from one side. The curtains will regulate ventilation of the house by opening and closing.